Author archives: ESGA

Policy Brief: Energy policy of Northwestern Black Sea countries after launch of Russia's full-scale war against Ukraine: prospects for new configurations

Russia’s war against Ukraine and the Kremlin’s energy blackmail of all of Europe have forced many EU countries and their partners to begin a painful but vital refusal of Russian fuel. The states of the Northwestern Black Sea region – Moldova, Romania and Ukraine – have different histories and volumes of trade relations with Moscow in this area. However, they, being on the direct line of confrontation with Russia or […]

Policy Brief: Invazia Ucrainei de către Rusia: Răspunsul României la criza refugiaților

Atacul extins al Rusiei asupra Ucrainei, în data de 24 februarie 2022, a pornit una dintre cele mai mari crize umanitare din Europa. Bombardamentele nejustificate din țara vecină au dus la un număr tot mai mare de victime, milioane de refugiați părăsindu-și casele pentru a se adăposti în țările vecine. În același timp, populația civilă aflată în Ucraina continuă să fie martora și victima bombardamentelor și a violenței, din cauza […]

Policy Brief: Dezinformarea ca element al războiului hibrid în Republica Moldova pe timpul invaziei ruse din Ucraina

Republica Moldova este unul dintre cele mai puțin reziliente state din spațiul ex-sovietic în privința dezinformării. Cauzele sunt multiple și rezidă într-un complex de elemente ce țin în principal de incapacitatea statului de a face față acestui fenomen prin instrumente ce țin de instituțiile de forță, o legislație laxă în domeniul audiovizualului, de interese politice interne și externe promovate de trusturi media afiliate politic înauntru și în afara țării, dar […]

Policy Brief: Modern-day Russian propaganda in Romania: current narratives, preferred ways of spreading and the target audience

The problem of the widespread Russian propaganda in Romania is not new. In fact, the country has even established two institutions specifically designed to study it: the Bucharest-based Global Focus Center, and the Informational Warfare and Strategic Communication Laboratory (LARICS) at the Romanian Academy. The logic of Russian propaganda in Romania and its highly nation-specific tailored approach is relatively well-studied. The population seems resilient to messages that differ widely in […]

Policy Brief: Ucraina, membră a Uniunii Europene: cum?

Dacă ne imaginăm scena politicii internaționale ca fiind o tablă de șah, decizia regimului Putin de a invada Ucraina a determinat o serie de actori să analizeze mutările următoare. În special Uniunea Europeană (UE), care dorește să mențină pacea pe scena globală, dar mai ales nu este confortabilă pusă în fața unor mișcări atât de rapide și cu consecințe grave pe propriul teritoriu. În general, Uniunea Europeană este un jucător […]

Policy Brief: Ukraine-Romania Cooperation under NATO umbrella (in the context of Russian military expansion in Europe)

The general understanding of security and key threats in the neighborhood and in the Wider Black Sea region went through a process of significant evolution in Romania . The Russian aggression first against in Georgia in 2008 and then in Ukraine starting from 2014 and with a high point in 2022 have triggered the process of such evolution. Bucharest has put its stakes on Trans-Atlantic solidarity, strengthening its ties with […]

Policy Brief: The Promising Dimensions Cooperation of Civil Society in Romania and Ukraine: Alliances, Coordination and Support

Since the beginning of Russian war against Ukraine back in 2014 (when Ukrainian civil society. played a significant if not essential role in satisfying the urgent needs of the Armed Forces of Ukraine) and after the beginning of the full-scale invasion in February 2022 the Ukrainian civil society proved to be self-organized, resilient and efficient. Unprecedented mobilization across the country defending lives, dignity, rights of all citizens and territorial integrity […]

Policy Brief: The Place of Romania in the Foreign Policy of Russia: Conclusions for Bucharest from the Perspective of Kyiv

The Russian war against Ukraine has become another wake-up call for the West. The taboos on criticizing Russia are being gradually lifted bearing in mind demonstration of total disrespect to any rules by Moscow. Stigmatization of the critics of Russia as Russophobes is not trendy anymore although Russia does its best to return to “good old times” when pro-Russian narratives were dominating. Such situation opens a window of opportunity for […]

Newsletter July 2022: The unresolved Conflicts from Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine

Dear colleagues, As part of the “The unresolved conflicts from Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. A common EaP and EU vision for reconciliation and confidence-building across the region” project, we are delighted to present you our fourth Newsletter. See the full version at the link. The content of the Newsletter is the sole responsibility of the ESGA Association and does not necessarily reflect its partners’ views. “The project benefits from support through […]

Policy Brief: Romanian Facilitation to Ukrainian Export in Wartimes

Ukrainian export in 2021 reached USD 68.1 billion and demonstrated constant growth (up to 40% compared to 2020). Of this amount, 12.4 billion were secured by cereals, yet 7 billion were animal or plant fats and oils. Much of this volume has been exported by sea. As Ukrainian seaports have been blocked by the Russian navy and military actions since February, so both government and business needed to search for […]